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Nephrology is the study of the renal system. A nephrologist is responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the kidney such as kidney stones, chronic kidney disease, dialysis, renal failure, electrolyte imbalance, renal cancer etc. Additionally Nephrologists also treat uncontrolled hypertension, renal function abnormalities due to autoimmune diseases. Nephrologists treat all post-renal transplant patients also.
Nephrologist use oral and IV medications; Ultrasound Guided Biopsies/ aspirations. Nephrologists use Hemodialysis/Plasmapheresis/CRRT/Peritoneal Dialysis to manage ESKD/AKI patients. Depending on the underlying cause, there are different procedures with different techniques.
urgery is rarely required for the removal of stones. Reasons such as a big stone, spreading infection at the site of the stone, blocking of urine or severe bleeding may indicate surgery.
If untreated, the presence of kidney stones may lead to serious complications such as infection of the kidney, injury that may result in severe bleeding, blockage of urine. However, most kidney stones are too small to require treatment and pass on their own accord.
Your kidneys are responsible to filter out your body’s blood, absorb minerals and produce urine. Due to end stage kidney failure, your kidney loses 85 – 90 % of its functionality, leading to the need of dialysis, which in turn help filter out the waste, salt and extra water.